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The following list of plants identified in The Pinnacle Nature Reserve was mainly compiled by Rosemary Blemings based on the observations and work of many colleagues. It was augmented by the results of the extensive plant surveys carried out as part of fotpin's Native Grass Restoration Project. It is always a work in progress and is updated regularly as new species are found. We are also grateful to Malcolm Fyfe for helping to make many of the species names in this list comply with the 2012 Australian Plant Census.

In time this page will be enhanced with links to photographs and information about selected species. The photographs currently included on the page, like all those on fotpin's website, were taken within The Pinnacle Nature Reserve. See below for suggested reference books and sources.

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  Scientific name Common Name Origin*

A

Acacia baileyana

Cootamundra wattle

n  
 

Acacia buxifolia subsp. buxifolia

Box-leaved wattle

n  
 

Acacia dealbata subsp. dealbata

Silver wattle

n  
 

Acacia decurrens

Green wattle

n  
 

Acacia genistifolia

Early wattle

n  
 

Acacia gunnii

Ploughshare wattle, Dogstooth wattle

n  
 

Acacia implexa

Hickory wattle

n  
 

Acacia mearnsii

Black wattle

n  
 

Acacia pravissima

Ovens wattle

n Ajuga australis
 

Acacia rubida

Red-stemmed wattle

n; p
 

Acaena ovina

Sheep's burr

n
 

Acetosella vulgaris

Sheep sorrel 

e
 

Astroloma humifusum

Honeypots

n
 

Aira caryophyllea var. caryophyllea

Silvery hairgrass

e
 

Aira cupaniana

Silvery hairgrass

e
 

Aira elegantissima

Delicate hairgrass

e
 

Ajuga australis

Austral bugle, Australian bugloss

n
 

Allocasuarina verticillata

Drooping sheoak

n; p
 

Alternanthera pungens

Khaki weed

e  
 

Amyema miquelii

Box mistletoe

n  
 

Anthosachne scabra

Common wheatgrass

n  
 

Arachnorchis atrovespa

Spider orchid, or Thin-clubbed Mantis Orchid

n Spider Orchid
 

Arctotheca calendula

Capeweed

e
 

Arenaria leptoclados

Lesser thyme-leaved sandwort

e
 

Aristida ramosa

Purple wire-grass

n
 

Asperula conferta

Common woodruff

n
 

Asperula scoparia

Prickly woodruff

n
 

Austrostipa bigeniculata

Kneed speargrass

n
 

Austrostipa nodosa

Knotty speargrass

n  
 

Austrostipa scabra

Speargrass

n  
 

Avena barbata

Bearded oat

e  
 

Avena sativa

Oat

e  

 

 

 

   

B

Billardiera scandens

Common appleberry, Hairy appleberry

n  

 

Bossiaea prostrata

Creeping bossiaea

n  

 

Bothriochloa macra

Red grass, Redleg grass

n Bulbine bulbosa
Click to enlarge

 

Brachychiton populneus subsp. populneus

Kurrajong

n

 

Brachyloma daphnoides

Daphne heath

n

 

Brachyscome rigidula

Cut-leaved Daisy

n
 

Briza maxima

Quaking grass

e
 

Briza minor

Shivery grass

e
 

Bromus diandrus

Great brome

e
 

Bromus hordeaceus

Soft brome

e
 

Bromus rubens

Red brome

e

 

Bulbine bulbosa

Bulbine lily

n

 

Bursaria spinosa sub sp lasiophylla

Australian blackthorn

n

 

 

 

 

C

Caesia calliantha

Blue Grass Lily

n
 

Callitris endlicheri

Black cypress pine

n  
 

Calotis lappulacea

Yellow burr daisy

n  
 

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shepherd's purse

e  
 

Cardamine hirsuta

Common bittercress

e  
 

Carduus tenuiflorus

Slender thistle

e  
 

Carduus nutans

Nodding thistle

e  
 

Carex appressa

Tussock sedge, Tall tassel sedge

n  
 

Carex inversa

Knob sedge

n  
 

Carthamus lanatus

Saffron thistle

e  
 

Cassinia longifolia

Cauliflower bush

n  
 

Cassinia quinquefaria

Sifton bush

n  
 

Casuarina cunninghamiana subsp. cunninghamiana

River sheoak

n  
 

Centaurium erythraea

Common centaury

e  
 

Cerastium glomeratum

Mouse-eared chickweed

e  
 

Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia

Rock fern

n  
 

Cheilanthes distans

Bristle Rock fern

n  
 

Chenopodium album

Fat Hen

e  
 

Chloris truncata

Windmill grass

n  
 

Chondrilla juncea

Skeleton weed

e  
 

Chrysocephalum apiculatum

Common everlasting, Yellow buttons

n  
 

Chrysocephalum semipapposum

Clustered everlasting

n  
 

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

e  
 

Cirsium vulgare

Spear thistle

e  
 

Convolvulus angustissimus

Australian bindweed, Pink bindweed

n  
 

Conyza bonariensis

Flax-leaved fleabane

e  
 

Cotoneaster glaucophyllus

Large-leaved cotoneaster

e  
 

Cotula australis

Common cotula

n  
 

Crassula sieberiana

Australian crassula, Australian stonecrop

n  
 

Cryptandra amara

Bitter cryptandra

n  
 

Cymbonotus lawsonianus

Bear's ears

n  
 

Cymbonotus preissianus

Austral bear's ears

n  
 

Cymbopogon refractus

Barbed-wire grass

n  
 

Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

Couch

n  
 

Cynoglossum australe

Australian hound's-tongue

n Greenhood orchid
 

 

 

 

D

Dactylis glomerata

Cocksfoot

e

 

Daucus glochidiatus

Australian carrot

n
 

Daviesia mimosoides

Bitterpea

n

 

Desmodium varians

Slender tick trefoil

n

 

Dianella longifolia

Pale flax lily

n
 

Dianella revoluta

Spreading flax lily

n

 

Dichanthium sericeum subsp. sericeum

Queensland bluegrass

n

 

Dichelachne sp

Plumegrass

n

 

Dillwynia sericea

Showy parrotpea

n
 

Diplodium laxum

Antelope greenhood

n

 

Diplodium truncatum

Little Dumpies

n

 

Dittrichia graveolens

Stinkwort

e Little dumpies

 

Diuris semilunulata

Late leopard orchid

n

 

Diuris sulphurea

Hornet orchid

n

 

Dodonaea viscosa

Hopbush

n

 

Drosera peltata

Pale sundew

n
 

Dysphania pumilio

Small crumbweed

n

 

     

E

Echium plantagineum

Paterson's curse

e

 

Ehrharta erecta var. erecta

Panic veldtgrass

e

 

Einadia nutans subsp. nutans

Climbing saltbush

n

 

Eleusine tristachya

Goose grass

e

 

Enneapogon nigricans

Nine-awned grass

n Leopard orchid
 

Epilobium billardiereanum

Willowherb

n

 

Eragrostis brownii

Brown's Lovegrass

n

 

Eragrostis cilianensis

Stinkgrass

e

 

Eragrostis curvula

African lovegrass

e
 

Eragrostis parviflora

Weeping lovegrass

n
 

Erigeron karvinskianus

Seaside daisy

e
 

Erodium botrys

Long storksbill

e
 

Erodium cicutarium

Common storksbill

e
 

Erodium crinitum

Blue storksbill, Native crowsfoot

n
 

Eryngium ovinum

Blue devil

n

 

Eucalyptus blakelyi

Blakely's red gum

n blue devil

 

Eucalyptus bridgesiana

Apple box

n

 

Eucalyptus dives

Broad-leaved peppermint

n

 

Eucalyptus macrorhyncha subsp. macrorhyncha

Red stringybark

n

 

Eucalyptus mannifera subsp. mannifera

Brittle gum

n

 

Eucalyptus melliodora

Yellow box

n

 

Eucalyptus polyanthemos

Red box

n

 

Eucalyptus rossii

Scribbly gum

n

 

Eucalyptus rubida subsp. rubida

Candlebark

n

 

Euchiton japonicus

Creeping Cudweed

n  

 

Euchiton sphaericus

Japanese cudweed

n  
 

Euphorbia drummondii

Caustic weed

n  

 

Exocarpos cupressiformis

Native cherry, Cherry ballart

n  

 

 

 

   

G

Galium gaudichaudii subsp. gaudichaudii

Rough bedstraw

n  
 

Gamochaeta americana

Spiked cudweed

e  
 

Geranium molle

Cranesbill geranium, Dove's-foot cranesbill

e  

 

Geranium potentilloides

Cranesbill

n  

 

Geranium retrorsum

Grassland cranesbill

n  

 

Geranium solanderi

Native geranium

n  

 

Glycine clandestina

Twining glycine

n  

 

Glycine tabacina

Glycine pea

n  

 

Gonocarpus tetragynus

Common raspwort

n  

 

Goodenia hederacea

Ivy goodenia

n  

 

Grevillea alpina

Mountain grevillea

n  

 

Grevillea juniperina

Prickly spiderflower

n  

 

Grevillea lanigera

Woolly grevillea

n  

 

 

 

   

H

Hakea decurrens subsp. decurrens

Bushy needlewood

n  
 

Haloragis heterophylla

Variable raspwort

n  

 

Hardenbergia violacea

False sarsaparilla

n  
 

Helichrysum luteoalbum

Jersey cudweed

n  

 

Hibbertia obtusifolia

Hoary guineaflower

n  

 

Hibbertia riparia

Erect guineaflower

n  
 

Hirschfeldia incana

Buchan weed

e  
 

Holcus lanatus

Yorkshire fog

e  
 

Hordeum sp

Barleygrass

e  
 

Hovea heterophylla

Creeping hovea

n  
 

Hydrocotyle laxiflora

Stinking pennywort

n  
 

Hypericum gramineum

Small St John's wort

n  
 

Hypericum perforatum subsp. veronese

St John's wort

e  
 

Hypochaeris glabra

Smooth catsear

e  
 

Hypochaeris radicata

Flatweed, Common catsear

e  

 

Hypoxis hygrometrica

Golden weather-grass, Golden star

n  

 

 

 

   

I

Indigofera adesmiifolia

Native tick bush or Leafless indigo

n  

 

Indigofera australis subsp. australis

Australian indigo

n  

 

Isotoma fluviatilis

Swamp isotome

n Swamp Isotome

 

 

 

 

J

Juncus bufonius

Toad rush

n

 

Juncus subsecundus

Fnger rush

n

 

     

K

Kunzea parvifolia

Violet kunzea

n

 

 

 

 

L

Lactuca serriola

Prickly lettuce

e

 

Lepidosperma laterale

Variable swordsedge

n
 

Leptorhynchus squamatus

Scaly buttons

n  
 

Leucochrysum albicans subsp. albicans

Hoary sunray

n  
 

Leucopogon fletcheri subsp. brevisepalus

Twin-flowered beardheath

n  
 

Ligustrum lucidum

Broad-leaved privet

e  
 

Ligustrum sinense

Chinese privet

e  
 

Linaria pelisseriana

Pelisser's toadflax

e  
 

Linum marginale

Native flax

n  
 

Lolium perenne

Perennial ryegrass

e  
 

Lomandra filiformis subsp. filiformis

Wattle matrush

n  
 

Lomandra longifolia

long-leaved mat rush

n  
 

Lomandra multiflora subsp. multiflora

Many-flowered matrush

n  

 

Luzula densiflora

Woodrush

n  
 

Lycium ferocissimum

African boxthorn

e  
 

Lysimachia arvensis

Scarlet pimpernel

e  
 

Lythrum hyssopifolia

Hyssop loosestrife

n  

 

       

M

Malva neglecta

Dwarf mallow

e  
 

Marrubium vulgare

Horehound

e urn heath
 

Medicago polymorpha

Burred medic

e
 

Melichrus urceolatus

Urn heath

n
 

Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides

Weeping grass

n
 

Microtis unifolia

Common onion orchid

n
 

Modiola caroliniana

Red-flowered mallow

e
 

Myosotis discolor

Yellow and blue forget-me-not

e
         
N

Nassella trichotoma

Serrated tussock

e  

 

 

 

   

O

Onopordum acanthium

Scotch thistle

e  
 

Opercularia hispida

Hairy stinkweed

n  
 

Ophioglossum lusitanicum

Austral adders tongue

n Broomrape
 

Oreomyrrhis eriopoda

Australian caraway

n
 

Orobanche minor

Lesser broomrape, Clover broomrape

e
 

Oxalis exilis

Slender oxalis

n
 

Oxalis perennans

Native oxalis

n

 

 

 

   

P

Panicum effusum

Hairy panic

n  

 

Papaver somniferum

Opium poppy

e  
 

Parentucellia latifolia

Red bartsia

e  
 

Paronychia brasiliana

Chilean whitlow, Brasilian whitlow

e  
 

Pelargonium australe

Native pelargonium

n  
 

Pentaschistis airoides subsp. airoides

False hairgrass

e  
 

Persicaria prostrata

Creeping knotweed

n  
 

Petalochilus fuscatus

Dusky fingers

n  
 

Petrorhagia nanteuilii

Proliferous pink

e  
 

Phalaris aquatica

Phalaris, Toowoomba canary grass

e  
 

Phyllanthus hirtellus (TBC)

Thyme spurge

n  
 

Pimelea curviflora

Riceflower

n  
 

Plantago lanceolata

Ribwort plantain

e  
 

Plantago varia

Variable plantain

n  
 

Poa annua

Annual poa, Wintergrass

e  
 

Poa sieberiana

Snowgrass

n  
 

Polycarpon tetraphyllum

Four-leaved allseed

e  
 

Portulaca oleracea

Pigweed

e  
 

Pterostylis spp

Greenhood

n  
 

Pultenaea procumbens

Heathy bushpea

n  
 

Pyracantha angustifolia

Orange firethorn

e  

 

 

 

   

R

Romulea rosea var. australis

Oniongrass

e  
 

Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet briar

e  
 

Rubus anglocandicans

Blackberry

e  
 

Rumex brownii

Swamp dock

n  
 

Rytidosperma caespitosa

Ringed wallaby grass

n  
 

Rytidosperma duttonianum

Brown-back wallaby grass

n  
 

Rytidosperma laeve

Bare-backed wallaby grass

n  
 

Rytidosperma pallidum

Red-anthered wallaby grass

n  
 

Rytidosperma pilosum

Smooth-flowered wallaby grass

n  
 

Rytidosperma racemosum var. racemosum

Striped wallaby grass

n  

 

 

 

   

S

Salvia verbenaca var. verbenaca

Wild sage

e
Click to enlarge

 

Senecio quadridentatus

Cotton fireweed

n
 

Setaria parviflora

Slender pigeongrass

e
 

Setaria verticillata

Whorled pigeongrass

e
 

Silene gallica

Ccatchfly

e
 

Silybum marianum

Variegated thistle

e
 

Solanum chenopodioides

White-tipped nightshade

e
 

Solanum linearifolium

Mountain kangaroo apple

n
 

Solanum nigrum

Blackberry nightshade

e
 

Solenogyne dominii

Smooth solenogyne

n  
 

Sonchus asper

Rough sowthistle

e swainson pea
 

Sonchus oleraceus

Common sowthistle

e
 

Sorghum leiocladum

Wild sorghum 

n
 

Stackhousia monogyna

Creamy candles

n
 

Stellaria media

Chickweed

e
 

Stuartina muelleri

Spoon cudweed

e

 

Swainsona sericea

Silky Swainson-pea

n

 

 

 

   

T

Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia

Dandelion

e  

 

Thelymitra spp

Sun orchid

n Sun orchid
 

Themeda triandra

Kangaroo grass

n
 

Thysanotus patersonii

Twining fringed lily

n
 

Thysanotus tuberosus subsp. tuberosus

Fringed lily

n
 

Tolpis barbata

Yellow hawkweed, Tolpis

e
 

Tragopogon dubius

Goat's beard

e
 

Tragopogon porrifolius subsp. porrifolius

Salsify

e
 

Tricoryne elatior

Yellow rush lily

n
 

Trifolium angustifolium var. angustifolium

Narrow-leaved clover

e
 

Trifolium arvense var. arvense

Hare's-foot clover

e  
 

Trifolium campestre var. campestre

Hop clover

e  
 

Trifolium dubium

Suckling clover

e  
 

Trifolium glomeratum

Clustered clover

e  
 

Trifolium repens var. repens

White clover

e  
 

Trifolium striatum

Knotted clover

e  
 

Trifolium subterraneum

Subterranean clover

e  
 

Triptilodiscus pygmaeus

Common sunray

n  

 

 

 

  Early nancy

V

Verbascum thapsus subsp. thapsus

Great mullein

e
 

Verbascum virgatum

Twiggy mullein

e
 

Verbena incompta

Purpletop

e
 

Vicia sativa

Vetch

e
 

Vinca major

Blue periwinkle

e
 

Vittadinia cuneata var. cuneata

Fuzzweed

n
 

Vittadinia gracilis

New Holland daisy

n
 

Vittadinia muelleri

Narrow-leaved New Holland daisy

n
 

Vulpia bromoides

Squirel-tail fescue

e  
 

Vulpia muralis  

Wall fescue

e  
 

Vulpia myuros  

Rat's-tail fescue

e Sticky everlasting

 

 

 

 

W

Wahlenbergia communis

Native bluebell

n

 

Wahlenbergia multicaulis

Tadgell's bluebell

n

 

Wahlenbergia stricta Native

Tall bluebell

n

 

Wurmbea dioica subsp. dioica

Early Nancy

n
       

X

Xerochrysum viscosum

Sticky everlasting

n
       
       

 

* n denotes a native species, e an exotic (introduced) species, p a species planted since 2011

 

Reference Texts and Sources

Wood, Don & Betty  Flowers of the ACT and Region: A Field Guide.(2005) Canberra.

Friends of Aranda Bushland Our Patch: Field Guide to the Flora of the Australian Capital Territory as photographed in the Aranda Bushland. (1997) Canberra

Cosgrove, Meredith Photographic Guide to Native Plants of the Australian Capital Territory. (2014) Meadow Argus, Canberra

Eddy, David, Mallinson, David, Rehwinkel, Rainer, Sharp, Sarah   Grassland Flora: a field guide for the Southern Tablelands (NSW & ACT). (1998) Canberra.

Low, Tim Wild Herbs of Australia & New Zealand (1985) North Ryde

Richardson, F.J., Richardson, R.G., Shepherd, R.C.H. Weeds of the South-East: An Identification Guide for Australia (2006) Meredith, Victoria

Blood, Kate Environmental Weeds: A Field Guide for SE Australia (2001)

Mulvaney, Michael Plant species list for Red Hill Nature Reserve. Personal contribution.

Australian Native Plant Society (ANPS) Species list for Rocky Knolls October 2010

Interim ANPS Plant list for The Pinnacle Nature Reserve 1997

 

 

 
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